A recent report by the American Council of Trustees and Alumni (ACTA), entitled "Best Laid Plans: The Unfulfilled Promise of Public Higher Education," explores a fair number of problems the California college system faces. However, I don't think it covers them all.
The report states openly and rightly the problems that California's public colleges face are not primarily a function of declining revenues. As it notes, "the real danger is a fundamental failure by today's trustees and system leaders to apply the same creativity and thoughtfulness that informed the Master Plan to a new world of reduced resources and a shrinking tax base."
This point is crucial. The behemoth California college system has been fed an enormous amount of money, but there is obviously a limit to how much more the citizens can provide. In just the last five years, tuition at the UC system has gone up nearly 75% and at the CSU system by nearly 85%. And California's taxpayers already pay steep sales, property and income taxes--among the highest in the nation. It is hard to imagine that much more can be squeezed from either the students or the taxpayers.
The report documents in detail some of the dramatic problems the system faces, including:
- Low graduation rates at the CSU system: only 17.2% of new full-time freshmen graduate within 4 years, and only 52.4% within 6 years.
- The leaders of the California public college system have a severe Edifice Complex, looking constantly to increase the amount of buildings and other infrastructure, much of it unnecessary.
- The leaders are also reluctant to close or consolidate low-enrollment programs, and too easily eager to add new ones.
- There is considerable administrative bloat, with the compensation of the top administrators increasingly over-generous, even while the taxpayers and students are impoverished.
I would note some other major problems:
The California community colleges have a grotesquely high drop-out rate: only 20% of CCC students either got an AA degree or transfer to a regular college.
- The CCC system also spends way too much on recreational courses (courses that are meant to provide recreational outlets to adults). While these courses are supposed to pay their own way, they utilize the system's physical resources.
- The whole CSU system has suffered endemic "mission creep" regarding remedial education. Under the wise original 1960 master plan, CSU would take only college-ready students, while those needing remedial education (in math and English) were supposed to go to the huge and inexpensive CCC system. Along the way, the CSU system developed a costly remediation system. Now, half of all incoming CSU take remedial math or English or both.
- Professors and administrators of the CSU system have over the years pushed for more and more focus on research, with tenure-track professors expected to publish, leaving much of the teaching to adjuncts. It is unclear, to say the least, that this has really benefitted the citizens of the state.
The report calls upon the UC Regents and the CSU Trustees to reassert control and enact necessary reforms, including establishing clear measures of productivity; re-prioritizing the academic mission of the college, restoring core curricula; rewarding good teaching; cutting back on administrative bloat; and restoring academic freedom and true intellectual diversity.
I can't help feeling that the report is an exercise in naiveté. The administrators and faculty are agents in an institution that suffers from the principal/agent problem. Because the real principals -- taxpayers, students and parents -- have little knowledge of and even less power over the workings of the colleges for which they pay, the agents (faculty and administrators) can run them for self-serving purposes. Until this problem is rectified by radical reform, I see little hope for change any time soon.
Gary Jason is a philosophy instructor and a senior editor of Liberty, and is the author of Dangerous Thoughts.